Category Archives: General Article

All You Need to Know About Underfloor Heating

Underfloor heating is a must in this part of the world. Let’s face it climate change doesn’t just mean the world is getting warmer. It can also mean that the world can get colder. Weather conditions are becoming more extreme. So let’s have a conversation about what your options are when it comes to underfloor heating kits.

Carpets Aren’t Enough Anymore

In olden times, people would line their floors with thatch to keep it relatively warm, and they would have the family fire burning in the middle of the house. Later people discovered other forms of insulation to keep the inside of their house warm. But the default was to have a fireplace to keep thing warm.

Of course, fastforward to the 21st century we discovered better ways to keep warm. We put out warm carpets so we don’t need to walk on cold stone or cement floors, we learned that wood is less conductive so it doesn’t turn cold as fast.

However, I believe Carpets arent enough anymore. In fact fireplaces are a fire hazzard and we are developing ways to avoid having an open fire in our homes. We use Liquified Petroleoum Gas (LPG) in the place of wood to make the in house fire cleaner. We even have electric radiators to substitute for gas or wood in our heating needs.

One thing is for sure, carpets and the old way of heating things just won’t cut it anymore.

Heat Pumped Right At Our Floor?

Underfloor heating kits are a recent development. Well the concept is old dating back to the Romans when they would pump heated water indoors and to give them some heat when they are bathing. But the concept has only been applied to modern homes in recent years.

Instead of relying on air conductivity to heat the room, we rely on anoter thermodynamic principle to make things work out for it.

Using regular air conductivity, a fire place or radiator heats the air near it and the warm air rises up displacing the cooler air further away from the heat source. This works and is functional but it will take a long time to heat up a room under most ordinary cirumstances.

An underfloor heating kit will pipe the heat directly under floor boards. Thanks to the power of thermodyamics, the warm pipes will transmit their heat to the floorboards which will then heat up the floor space above it. The net result is that the room heats up faster than if you relied upon conventional fireplaces or radators.

Heating Floorboards? Is that Safe?

If you were listening to your high school phyics professor you would know that heating an object will eventually make it burst into flames! So pumping heated air or water under the floorboard might not be the best idea. Right?

But don’t worry underfloor heating kits never rise to the temperature that would cause wood to burst into flames. You won’t even see steam unless you are one of those eccentric types who use an airconditioner while your underfloor heating kit is on.  I gotta admit it looks cool but you’ll end up wasting a lot of electricity.

Wet or Dry Underfloor Heating Kit?

There are two kinds of underfloor heating kit dry and wet.

  • Dry heating kits use air as the medium of conduction. They are better for smaller spaces because warm air loses its heat fast but is easier to heat. They have a low maintenance cost since there is no chance of any fluids leaking.
  • Wet heating kits use a liquid medium to transmit heat. They are better for large spaces since water does not lose its heat quickly. However they might need more maintenance since the pipes might leak.

How Can it Be Installed in my Home?

Well the truth is, houses have a small space between the foundation and the actual floor boards. The same holds true for the second floor and the roof of the first floor.

In other words, there is actually some space where the underfloor heating kit can be installed. So don’t worry about having to do some extreme makeover for your house just to accommodate the heating kit. It won’t be that difficult.


Underfloor heating kits are the solution to your heating needs when you want to make do without the risk of having a live fire or radiator that children or pets might wander into. They are easy to install and don’t realy need that much maintenance.

Whatever You Should Understand About Industrial Design

As specified in the Thesaurus, “Industrial design” is the art that takes care of the layout troubles of produced objects, consisting of problems of designing such objects with factor to consider for readily available materials as well as methods of manufacturing, of designing bundles, containers, and so on, for manufactured products, and of graphic style for produced objects, packages, and so on”

It is therefore apparent that commercial style is the process to create principles for manufactured items through techniques as well as layouts. The principal aspect is that style is isolated from manufacture; the imaginative act of establishing the idea and also defining the type of a product occurs before the production of the item. Without a doubt, it is an act of creative and developing individual which incorporates the visual aspect of layout and also advancement of product. The engineers work upon 3 dimensional features – form, pattern and also ornamentation, while bearing in mind its availability, capability and also marketability.

Although the procedure involves a lot of creative thinking, lots of systematic techniques likewise occur. Actually, the experts often include numerous design methodologies to match their imaginative procedure. The procedures used by the professionals are user interface, drafting, sketching, model making, item research, testing and also prototyping. The developers make use of most current software application, computer aided designs and also CAD programs to offer their concept a final form.

Industrial draftsman also clarifies other side of the procedure- technological concept, items and also processes. Besides taking into consideration the aesthetics as well as embellishment of the product, it also covers design, suitability, production as well as various other worries consisting of psychology, customers’ frame of mind and psychological accessory. These aspects of industrial style may vary among various developers as well as different schools of thoughts.

Developers ought to be multitalented to take care of diverse field of art, advertising and marketing and design. Moreover, they must have audio creative understanding, clear sense of item style, and effectiveness in usefulness and also aesthetic appeals. Using these abilities, specialists have to create style and also carry out an approach for giving a last touch to the product. It calls for a thorough marketing research from a developer to make any type of item successful in the market. Consequently, every single time when there is a production of brand-new service or product, designers need to carry out a comprehensive market evaluation as well as research. There are various other variables that a commercial designer considers, and also to create branding remedies for brand name reputation is one amongst one of the most vital jobs. To achieve this feat, he/she should have extraordinary innovative skills and also the ability to assume different from the remainder of the world. If they are not efficient in generating an ideal remedy, it could be possible that anything worst will certainly occur with the product.

As we see that the role of a developer is tough and also complicated, they must integrate the skill of a designer, musician, as well as marketing expert and all rolled right into one to have an excellent balance of the sense of looks as well as strong usefulness.

The Joys of Professional Outdoor Lighting

Professional Outdoor Lighting and Your Property

There are many ways to make your outdoor property a lot more aesthetically pleasing to yourself and to others. Improving your outdoor space is about a whole lot more than its looks, however. That’s because it’s also about boosting convenience, security and safety. If you’re interested in strengthening all different aspects of your outdoor property, you should research the concept of professional outdoor lighting service. Working with a credible outdoor lighting company can help you enjoy all sorts of perks. There are many incentives to invest in professional outdoor lighting installation as soon as possible.

Outdoor Lights Can Make Your Residence Look Amazing

Outdoor lights can give your residence an appearance upgrade. This upgrade can give your structure better curb appeal. Higher curb appeal, last but not least, translates to higher value on the real estate market. If you want your outdoor space to reach its highest aesthetic potential, outdoor lighting can be a smart choice. Outdoor lights can bring certain particularly attractive components of your structure to life. They can highlight all of the things that make your residence distinctive and memorable to the world.

Outdoor Lights Can Give You More Security and Safety

Safety is paramount in the world nowadays. Outdoor lights can elevate your home’s safety factor in a dramatic way. If people are trying to get from point A to point B on your lawn after dark, outdoor lighting can minimize all kinds of risks that involve falling and major injuries. Note, too, that outdoor lighting can in many situations deter people who are thinking about trespassing. Strong outdoor lighting can make it next to impossible for criminals to stay low-key and under the radar around other people.

Why Professional Service Is of the Essence

Professional outdoor lighting installation service is essential, no two ways about it. If you want your outdoor lighting installation to be 100 percent safe and dependable, nothing can top the service a seasoned and trained professional can offer you. Professionals who concentrate on outdoor lighting matters are equipped with proficiency. They’re equipped with comprehensive backgrounds that can help them respond to all kinds of specific and possibly complex outdoor lighting requirements and scenarios as well. It’s crucial to think about equipment and tools, too. Professional technicians have the substantial advantage of outdoor lighting devices and supplies that are of the highest quality possible. They get to rely on outdoor lighting equipment that’s modern and that has an edge over others. The products they employ are typically not accessible to the public through standard retailers. If you want your outdoor space to look stunning, then you need to get assistance from talented and hard-working lighting aficionados.

Sample Article Of This Website

If you already have a new business or want to make a business, there are two basic types of business, namely business to business (B2B) and business to customer (B2C). Both B2B and B2C have very different types of effective content strategy, business models, ranging from the customer segment, marketing strategy, capital, to how your business plans in the future.

Now we will try to explain first what is the difference between B2B and B2C, then we will discuss how different marketing strategies are. In addition, we will also discuss how B2B and B2C marketing tips are then how to sell the business to the company. But before that, in order, the Writer team will invite you to know what B2B and B2C really are.

What is business to business or B2B?

Business to business or B2B are transactions that are carried out electronically or physically and occur between business entities one to another. When you see what is thick, B2B is the sale of the product or service provided by the business and is intended for other businesses, not the customer.

For example, you have a culinary company engaged in catering. Then because the business you have is a large enough catering business, so you have a target market for the company. So your catering service is for companies that have quite a lot of employees, this is called B2B because your business or service is for other companies. If your catering business is for individuals or groups, that means your business is business to customer, not B2B.

What about business to customer or B2C?

The opposite of B2B, business to customer or B2C is a business that performs services or sales of goods or services to individual customers or groups directly. In other words, the business that you do is directly related to consumers, not companies or other businesses.

For example, suppose you have a basic food business. When you sell goods to individual consumers, that means your business is B2C aka business to customer. But if you sell large quantities of groceries to other businesses, that means your business is B2B, not B2C anymore.

Broadly speaking, almost all B2C products can become B2B products, but B2B products are very little used by individual consumers directly. For example, your catering business cannot be sold individually, but you can sell basic food businesses with fellow businessmen.

Now about the differences between B2C and B2B marketing strategies

After knowing the fundamental differences between B2C and B2B, we will now discuss how different marketing strategies are. Marketing strategies have significant factors to business continuity because when you make a marketing strategy wrong, your business can lose a lot.

If you look at risk, a business or product from B2B has a greater risk than B2C. Because the product you produce must be in sufficiently large quantities, the maintenance and manufacturing costs that you have to spend are also slightly larger.
We will take the example of a catering business (B2B), the amount of risk of experiencing a loss is greater than the staple business (B2C). But the benefits gained are far greater than the catering business.

What is the marketing strategy in B2C?

Now we will discuss one by one how the marketing strategy of B2C and B2B. Marketing B2C or business to the customer is the key to how you can play customers’ emotions, create attractive advertisements, competitive prices, and good product quality. Once again we will say that customer trust in the business world is number 1, just how you can do some marketing strategies to get that trust.

We will exemplify marketing strategies in B2C in the food business. The simple strategy is that you can make very competitive prices. For this reason, it is very important that you know some of your competitors. When other businesses have cheaper rice prices, you have to have a strategy on how to make rice at a cheaper price but the same or even better quality.

Besides that, you can make an eye-catching ad and if possible it is very interesting. Customers will be very interested in advertisements that are unusual and a bit odd.

Then what about marketing on B2B?

B2B marketing strategy is how you can make your prospective customers believe in the quality of your brand. Your customers who are business owners will certainly compare how strong your brand is with other brands, and whether your brand can be trusted.
Therefore you must strengthen the quality of your business. How is the quality of your product, the quality of your service until communication with your customers must be continuously improved. When your customer is a business/company, you must build strong relationships in this business sector.
“The fundamental difference from B2B marketing targets is service, product quality, and trust. Whereas in B2C you must prioritize more on customer satisfaction with products and competitive prices. “

B2B and B2C businesses have very different marketing targets

B2B and B2C businesses clearly have very different marketing targets, for B2C you have individual or group marketing targets. Then for B2B, your marketing target is the business/company. As well as the difference again is the ability to purchase between B2C and B2B is very different, for B2C you cannot predict the purchasing power of your prospective customers. But for B2B you can have prospective customers who have very high purchasing power because your marketing target is a company/business that is already large and certainly has a lot of money.

In B2C you can make promotions on social media and create websites because that’s where you should have a lot of potential customers. On social media, you can interact with customers and create your own “fans”. In addition to social media and websites, you can also create advertising marketing strategies in print or brochures. This method can be useful when you will enter a new market.

Whereas B2B marketing targets are certainly very different. Business people or companies will not be directly interested in the products you advertise on the internet or in brochures. When the volume of purchases made is very high, the businessman or company will see in detail what products and brands you have, how the track record is, how other customers testimonials and other details.

Although B2B marketing targets look quite difficult because approaching a company/business is different from employees, it turns out to be one of the advantages of B2B. You have a very segmented or categorized target, that means you can do a focused marketing strategy.

That’s the basic difference in marketing, how to market strategy and marketing targets on B2B and B2C. Usually, business people ignore these things and just make a business without making a marketing strategy and see who the marketing target is. Hopefully by reading this article from Writer you can compare and create new marketing strategies for your business.

Free Stuff From Phrase Of Mouth Advertising Websites

When you’ve adopted me here or on the ‘gram for any period of time you already know I really like me some good meals (insert Southern accent here), good individuals and a few good + pretty serverware to plate it all on.

Nancy, I had a pal who attempted to refurbish an deserted home and it was not only troublesome and expensive, but there have been problems that popped up that made it virtually unimaginable to repair. Some cities have supplied abandoned houses for sale for $1.00. In the past this worked fairly nicely in some areas. But you must have the funds and wherewithall to do the work. Thanks for stopping by.

Barnstaple is a former river-port, and is the biggest city in North growing commerce with America in the sixteenth and 17th centuries greatly benefited the town, and impressive city houses built by rich wool merchants survive to this day, often behind more recent frontages. Because the river regularly silted up, nevertheless, Barnstaple’s prosperity started to suffer, and trendy-day Barnstaple depends heavily on the retail sector for employment alternatives. The city is on a major rail line, and the North Devon Link Street connects Barnstaple with the M5 motorway, approximately forty miles (sixty five km) to the east. Three bedroom properties within the city start from approximately £135,000.

Hello Sophia, perhaps it is different in the States, but here some complete areas of the country (including stunning homes in beautiful middle class areas) are genuinely less expensive than others. Once I was researching this hub, my daughter and I oohed and aahed over some fabulous houses within the North of England which would value not more than the price of our three-mattress terraced home right here within the South. We do not wish to move North as a result of our family and work are here in the South, but when we had been in a unique position it may be very tempting!

I’m glad we’re at this level now and never a couple of years ago. A couple of years in the past I had no contact with the knowledge of the straightforward and all the way down to earth movement that’s rippling quietly across our globe. I’m only just beginning to study fermented meals, kefir, pre-biotics, intestine health and conversely about large-pharma, profit-primarily based meals manufacturing, ‘the matrix’ version of food sourcing. Possibly the timing is completely right in any case.

If A Family Member Broke Into Your House And Robbed You, What Would You Do?

Within the early eighties professor Allan Lichtman developed, in collaboration with vulcanologist Vladimir Keilis-Borok, a system for predicting the habits of the American electorate that’s so correct, he has successfully predicted every election since 1984, typically with out even knowing who the challenging candidate will be. The Keys have likewise, retrospectively match all earlier elections for the reason that trendy party system began in 1860.

Sketch out a constructing plan. Place home windows and doors to allow for cross air flow. Take into account how you and your family will use the cabin and what sleeping lodging will probably be required. Decide in case your cabin may have electrical energy or indoor plumbing. Will a range be required? These things could be added at a later date, however their placement and location needs to be deliberate prior to cabin development.

Practically all beds have pocket sprung mattresses with goose down duvets, and luxurious white firm cover covers. 4 beds are super king dimension and 1 is king measurement. The Extra giant bed, we call an excellent king 6 foot vast and the big beds, we name king dimension 5 ft. Single beds are normal 3ft broad. The Cosy/Study room which is positioned on the bottom ground has a sofabed in and might be made into a small double bed.

I share all of this with you as a result of I’ve realized over time that a story that is still untold helps nobody. I share this with you because I do know that a few of you on the market are feeling like you’ve been knocked in your ass in enterprise and also you want a hand up. Effectively, I’m right here to let you know you are not alone. And I hope you’ll discover the braveness to tell the real story of who you are and what you’ve got skilled with your complete coronary heart. Share your story with somebody you possibly can belief so that you can expertise the grace and kindness and hope that is ready for you in the hand of someone ready that will help you get again up once more.

MY SAY It might be best not to ask critics concerning the enduring attraction of Full House.” When that ABC hit left the air in Could 1995, scarcely any appreciations ran in newspapers. Nonbelievers from the start anyway, they have been on to different infinitely cooler things, and so have been the networks — then preoccupied with a more moderen, edgier kind of comedy that spoke to The Means Young Adults Dwell Now. Mates” was hot. Full House” was not.

For The Love Of A Home

We talked over soup and bread Friday evening-planning out our Christmas Tree hunt for the next day. We would all been anxiously awaiting the weekend and the climate was wanting absolutely perfect.

Since I did not have cable or web in my house, I discovered different ways to occupy my time. My small house had a complete of seven home windows which meant I wanted plenty of curtains for such a small area. Curtains can usually cost $20 or more per window and I just couldn’t see spending $one hundred fifty to buy curtains when I owned a stitching machine. Cloth will also be expensive so I made a decision to but twin measurement plat sheets that matched the sheets on my mattress and made curtains for $three every. I made 7 curtains for less than $25 dollars total. I used to be proud of myself for that! I also spent my time making inventive ways to store things.

Whenever you build your personal summer season house, you’re additionally successfully constructing an extra and unique room to your dwelling. The summer season house is totally totally different from the other rooms that you’ve as a result of it is outdoors the confines of the house. It’s unbiased, in a means, and can be used for all types of issues that you simply may not want, or give you the option, to do inside the house.

The exact dimension of the birdhouse just isn’t critical, especially for those who plan to make a decorative piece for show, and you may alter the diameter of circular pieces and the size of the posts. I designed my birdhouse to be used outdoor, and hope to draw a pair of birds in search of a place to nest. Birds can be fussy when searching for nesting websites, so I used dimensions that appeal to small cavity nesting birds reminiscent of chickadees.

Bideford is one of Devon’s cheapest places for purchasing property. Three bed room homes might be purchased in this pretty, coastal city, for as little as £one hundred thirty,000. As soon as the third largest port in Britain, Bideford sits on the estuary of the River Torridge, and is legendary for it is ‘long bridge’ which was constructed in 1474, and links the East and West elements of the town. The closest prepare station to Bideford is 7 miles away, at Barnstaple, but the city is served by good native buses, and there is also a ferry service to Lundy Island, a small island within the Bristol Channel.

How to Overcome Super Powerful Stress

Stress is a condition that involves a person’s spiritual burden when faced with life’s problems. With this spiritual burden, the person must act, adjust, and control everything to balance. Because stress is a normal reaction to life stress, everyone from adults, teenagers to children will experience it.

Watch it online from online tv Russia here.

The Process of Stress

Basically, stress can occur because the brain gives a signal to the body to release many hormones after facing a situation. The purpose of this hormone release is intended for the body to have sufficient energy to act or deal with it.

When the body gets the energy to deal with a problem, it is actually very good to improve one’s ability. But today, many life pressures come from various aspects that are very affecting the psychological state of a person. Thus, continuous stress can happen and make the body tired. As a result, a person will be difficult to think clearly, until it will cause a social interaction, quality of life, and health of people will experience difficulties as well. Therefore, knowing how to handle stress is important, so the body always responds well to many situations that come. As for how to cope with stress is as follows:

  1. Doing Hobby

How to deal with severe stress by doing a hobby you want to do is the easiest way. A hobby is an activity that is believed to calm one’s mind if done. The goal is to get a pleasure so that it becomes a special entertainment for the mind and soul of the person. In fact, doing a hobby can make a person become excited after a tiring activity. In general, the hobby is divided into several kinds of them:

  • Collecting, such as the love of collecting stamps (philately), antiques, books, etc.
  • Watch online tv.
  • Make, that is like a penchant for making food (cooking), writing (writing), drawing (painting or drawing), illustrations, etc.
  • Fixed, ie like the likes of flower arranging, sewing or knitting, automotive, etc.
  • Playing, like chess playing, soccer, horse riding, etc.
  • Education, such as reading, teaching, learning a foreign language, etc.
  • Watch television online
  1. Communication

Communicating or talking to share a story about the problem or the burden of life to someone is very good to reduce the burden experienced and overcome stress. In addition, telling a friend allows one to get a solution to the problem. In fact, research shows that closed people are more susceptible to stress than people who open up and often communicate about their problems with others.

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  1. Meditation

Doing meditation is something that can cope with stress because it can clear the mind to be able to make a person to concentrate. This can happen because meditation is able to make breathing more regular, heart rate and blood pressure to normal, to be able to reduce levels of stress hormones previously pumped by the adrenal glands.

  1. Bath Or Bath

Utilizing water with a bath or bath has a good effect to deal with stress because it is powerful for healing to self-calm. The stimulus of this atmosphere, able to remind one’s body and mind to the atmosphere while in the womb so as to provide peace and comfort for the body. To be more effective, take a bath or bath using warm water in the bathtub.

  1. Massage

Massage is very well done for relaxation and normalizing blood pressure. Because with the massage, the quality of one’s sleep will be better so that the perceived stress decreases. The benefits of this massage have been widely researched by experts. According to some studies, massage can repel stress because of changes in body biochemistry after getting a touch of the hand. In fact, the study found that stress hormones could be reduced by 53% after proven by a study of 500 men, women and children who suffer from stress.

How to relieve stress naturally is quite easy instead, hopefully, can help you remove the burden of stress quickly.

The United States House Of Representatives.

Welcome, we’re the Smith Household! My title is Shelley and my husband, Cason and I created The Home of Smiths blog with a view to observe the beauty part of our family’s progress on our home transform and design model shift. I am a particularly proud mother to 3 lovely girls, and am fortunate enough to have a husband who isn’t solely my companion in crime, however is as keen about life, DIY’ing and making our house a HOUSE, as I am!

Hello, kittythedreamer – there are such a lot of lovely previous buildings here in Baltimore! I really feel like the town would be a beautiful place for child boomers. One of many problems with metropolis living is the quality of the schools, but for boomers, with the youngsters out of faculty, the city would have that increased property tax base without the school children using the system. However then, there are larger property taxes in the city as nicely. And getting older individuals might imagine twice about moving into a row home with all those stairs. Thanks so much for the sort comment!

Tavistock traces its recorded history again to a minimum of ADVERT 961 when Tavistock Abbey was based, the ruins of which, still stand in the city centre. Tavistock is the beginning-place of the famed Elizabethan explorer, Sir Francis Drake, and was additionally related to the Dukes of Bedford for many centuries. Tin and copper mines within the space ensured the city’s prosperity, and the Devon Wool Commerce additionally contributed. Modern-day Tavistock supplies shopping, leisure, and educational services for a large surrounding, rural space. Approximately £a hundred and eighty,000 needs to be ample to secure a primary three bedroom home in Tavistock.

I purchased a townhouse with my ex-boyfriend two years ago as funding rental property, I put down 88,000 downpayment, and he solely put down 5,000 as downpayment. I have an email in writing from him that if we ever split up (which we did over one 12 months in the past) I’ll get back all my downpayment. But is that sufficient for me to carry him against this property? How do I protect myself as I want to promote this property or have all of it transferred into my title? Thanks.

Not solely do they provide recent and delightful, fully customizable designs I like, however they will let you import your deal with e-book and so they tackle all of your envelopes prematurely so that half the work is done for you earlier than the playing cards ever arrive at your door. This 12 months I got all of our cards prepped and out the door in one night. Actually, it took me about an hour. Not the everyday scene of Christmases past, let me inform you! But having written a private message in the customizable cards already you may read my merry little message under, we signed them and added additional messages in some in no time flat.

Members Of The House Of Representatives

The House adjourned pursuant to S. Con. Res. 31 The following meeting is scheduled for 2:00 p.m. on February 23, 2016.

As the saying goes, If it ain’t broke, don’t repair it.” So we stayed true to this 20 yr-old recipe, utilizing prime pork belly that have been tenderly and lovingly braised with premium soy sauce, flavourful Asian spices, and chilli for a spicy kick, before being tucked into steaming hot buns. Served with a facet of crispy taro fries.

I simply moved into a new apartment that is been vacant for months and it has 1.5 baths, we’ve been smelling a foul sewage-like odor coming from the bathrooms and mostly bogs specifically… will this remedy also work with the bogs? I’ll undoubtedly be trying your technique on all different drains in the house anyway, but what would you do with the bogs? Plus…. they’re model new toilets. Thanks!

pinchme is an awesome is legit. do some posting and write opinions,do a profile and every so often,is a new product to you get the pattern in mail,write a overview and start all over. i like that web site and going to attempt some of these websites.crowdtap wont confirm me after i did a bunch of waiting on my sample from bzzagent,smiley360 will get me misplaced idk the way to get a pattern so i hold doing critiques and getting nothing however just a few smiles.

No matter the place the materials come from, it is a good suggestion to make use of ones with out poisonous chemical compounds embedded in them, but also ones that will be protected for the outdoors. Relying upon the supplies accessible, it might be best to build a double-walled dog home with exterior grade lumber on the outside the place it could actually’t touch your dog, and a safer lumber on the within to make sure in case your pup does chew on the wall he won’t ingest harmful chemical substances.